1. Background

The Technical Teacher Training Directorate (TTTD) at Deputy Ministry of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (DM-TVET) of Ministry of Education (MOE) was established in 1388 (2009) in line with the MOE strategic plan for TVET education. TTTD aims to enhance teachers’ performance and capabilities, and to improve their level of competency accordingly. The directorate has achieved convening workshops on basics of teaching, introducing modern teaching methodologies, providing for 14th grade graduate teachers to study for bachelor degree in local private universities and establishing Technical Teacher Training centers aroundAfghanistan.

The following are an overview of the major achievements:

  1. About 1780 teachers have received training in 60 workshops conducted in order to improve teachers’ competencies in various technical fields.
  2. Provided for the admission of 103 teachers who were 14th grade graduates to pursue their higher education in local universities ofAfghanistan. These teachers are teaching in their related institutes at the same time. The degree they will obtain, will be counted as one grade promotion and hence an increase in their incentive.
  3. As part of restructuring, 412 teachers were passed in Public Reform Restructuring (PRR) test to evaluate skills of the teachers who were not included in the new salary scale, all of them passed in the test and benefited from the process.
  4. Establishment of 3 Technical Teacher Training Academies (1 in Kabul with assistance of GIZ, 1 in Balkh province and 1 Professional Agriculture Institute funded by Dutch in Kabul).
  5. The ASDP has trained 570 technical teachers mainly in classroom management and pedagogy; technical training of teachers was not its focus.

However, implementation of ASDP has highlighted the need for technical training (in addition to pedagogical training) for technical teachers.  The lack of teacher’s competence has now come to the forefront as a major factor impeding higher quality TVET delivery.  ASDP II project will focus on putting in place arrangements for training of technical teachers as well as Master Trainers (MTs). Therefore, the third component of ASDP II project has been directed towards developing an infrastructure for training of in-service Technical Teachers and to build a pool of Master Trainers. In this area, the association will collaborate closely with GIZ who is already involved in pre-service and in-service training of teachers. This will help the Technical Teachers Training Institute (TTTI) to become sustainable in terms of faculty resources by the end of the project. The Technical Teachers will undergo an eight month program delivered in four modules of two months each called as Specialized Course (SC). A four month Fundamental Course (FC) of Computer Basics, English and Math will precede the SC. The Master Trainers will be selected average score and past performance from among the graduated students.

Primarily, this institute would be led by coordinator, technical assistants, faculty members who will be hired under ASDP II budget. The governing council will be established where we can involve the private sector, non-government organizations, government organizations and other donors in order to explore donors and additional budget and to develop current and future plans for the institute. It is important to encourage teachers from various disciplines to participate in the program, so the teachers would have an equal opportunity to continuously improve their professional skills under TVET structure at international level. The teachers of technical schools, herein after called the trainees, could be male and female. The program’s objective is to train around 750 teachers, and from among them 60 teachers to be trained and appointed as master trainers. Each class would consist of maximum 25 trainees.  This adds up to 750 trainees within four years. The master trainers will be selected from among those who obtain an average of equal or above 75% in all subjects during the course of their study.

The TTTI would take steps to stand on its self-reliance during the four years that it is supported by the World Bank. Later on, the institute is expected to be in a position to sustain the system for the long term using other resources and its capabilities such as conducting research projects, car/machinery repairs and training workshops within existing disciplines.

The institute through the governing council and advertising would be in touch with the private sector, the market, governmental and non-governmental organizations. This will lead to attracting research, design, consultancy, monitoring or supervision projects from the market, which could be one of the income sources for the institute.

TTTI will issue credible certification to the graduated trainees. The certificate would be accredited by an independent internationally well-known authority.

The institute would arrange regular visits of other relevant institutes, companies and other relevant research bodies both inside and outside the country for the trainees. These visits will further and strengthen the technical knowledge of the trainees in terms of the cutting age technologies, modern methodologies, techniques and experiences. Moreover, these visits would establish good relationship with sister and exchange students’ views and thoughts between TTTI and other institutes, companies and organizations.

The Technical Teacher Training Directorate and DM-TVET are responsible to take steps towards decentralization and self-supporting of the institute in terms of budget, structure and terms of reference.

In the modern world of today, Science and Technology is developing rapidly. Therefore using the available resources and opportunities, the TTT Directorate at DM-TVET is also responsible to update and equip its teachers with the modern technology in various majors including (automotive, electrical engineering, machinery, metal working, computer science, management, accounting, agriculture, arts, oil and gas, environmental engineering etc.). As a result, after their graduation, these teachers would provide standard TVET services in the future. The curriculum intended to be used in TTTI is based on the market need which is deemed vital for the young generation during job hunting.

2. Objective

The TTTI has been established to serve as a Centerof Excellencefor technical teacher training in Afghanistan. The institute will train teachers of both public and private technical schools. It will also act as the hub for Regional Technical Teacher Training Centers that have been or shall be, established.
The Institute aims to train at least 60 master trainers and at least 750 teachers in the first five years of its establishment. Training will initially be done by international faculty hired for the purpose and as the master trainers get trained, they will take over the tasks of instruction.

By offering these services we would be able to: having better and good quality TVET services, implementation of planned activities based on the DMTVET policy and specified timeframe to comply with specified goals including capacity building and improving the competencies of TVET in-service teachers.

The TTT directorate at DMTVET have initiated a Technical Teacher Training (TTT) System for its TVET teachers in order to improve the quality of TVET system in term of teaching and training at country level; the old and insufficient system of TVET would be replaced by new and modern system and using new methods and teaching techniques in institutes and schools, all TVET teachers would be equipped with the updated and modern TVET skills and qualities which is based on the Market Needs and Standards in the country and region. The teachers would play an important role in the balanced and fair development of the country.

3. Vision &Mission

The program aims to train 750 in-service teachers of TVET institutes and schools and from among them 60 Master trainers within a period of four years. This would raise the quality of teaching in technical institutes and schools aroundAfghanistan. The teaching will be conducted in accordance with international standards.

You can download TTTI Business Plan from here: TTTI Business Plan